Women's Health Blog. Childbirth awards us with the incredible gift of children, but changes to your body can linger long after your little one has grown up. One of the most important casualties is damage to your pelvic floor muscles.
The pelvic organs include the vaginauterusbladderurethraand rectum. These organs are held in place by muscles of the pelvic floor. Layers of connective tissue also give support.
During a pelvic exam, your doctor inserts two gloved fingers inside your vagina. While simultaneously pressing down on your abdomen, he or she can evaluate your uterus, ovaries and other pelvic organs. You might fill out a questionnaire that helps your doctor assess how uterine prolapse affects your quality of life.
Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. What is a cystocele?
A more recent article on pelvic ogran prolapse is available. Patient information : See related handout on pelvic organ prolapsewritten by the authors of this article. Pelvic organ prolapse, or genital prolapse, is the descent of one or more of the pelvic structures bladder, uterus, vagina from the normal anatomic location toward or through the vaginal opening.
A dropped or prolapsed bladder cystocele occurs when the bladder wall bulges into the vaginal space. It results when supporting muscles and tissues for the bladder give way. Anterior prolapse, also known as a cystocele SIS-toe-seeloccurs when the supportive tissue between a woman's bladder and vaginal wall weakens and stretches, allowing the bladder to bulge into the vagina.
When refering to evidence in academic writing, you should always try to reference the primary original source. That is usually the journal article where the information was first stated. In most cases Physiopedia articles are a secondary source and so should not be used as references.
Pelvic organ prolapse POP is characterized by descent of pelvic organs from their normal positions. In women, the condition usually occurs when the pelvic floor collapses after gynecological cancer treatment, childbirth or heavy lifting. In men, it may occur after the prostate gland is removed.
Vaginal hysterectomy is currently the leading treatment method for patients with symptomatic uterine prolapse. Several studies have shown that sacrospinous fixation in case of uterine prolapse is a safe and effective alternative to vaginal hysterectomy. However, no large randomized trials with long-term follow-up have been performed to compare efficacy and quality of life between both techniques.
Patient information : See related handout on pelvic organ prolapsewritten by the authors of this article. Pelvic organ prolapse is the descent of one or more of the anterior vaginal wall, posterior vaginal wall, the uterus cervixor the apex of the vagina vaginal vault or cuff scar after hysterectomy. Prevalence increases with age. The cause of prolapse is multifactorial but is primarily associated with pregnancy and vaginal delivery, which lead to direct pelvic floor muscle and connective tissue injury.